新视野大学英语读写教程第二版第二册课后练习答案及课文翻译

新视野大学英语读写教程第二版第二册课后练习答案及课文翻 新视野大学英语读写教程第二版第二册课后练习答案及课文翻 译 Unit1 section A 美国人认为没有人能停止不前。 如果你不求进取,你就会落伍。 这种态度造就了一个投身于研究、实验和探索的民族。 时间是美国人注意节约的两个要素之一,另一要素是劳力。 人们一直说: “只有时间才能支配我们。 ” 人们似乎把时间当作一个差不多是实实在在的东西来对待。 我们安排时间、节约时间、浪费时间、挤抢时间、消磨时间、缩减时间、对时间的利用 作出解释;我们还要因付出时间而收取费用。 时间是一种宝贵的资源,许多人都深感人生的短暂。 时光一去不复返。 我们应当让每一分钟都过得有意义。 外国人对美国的第一印象很可能是:每个人都匆匆忙忙──常常处于压力之下。 城里人看上去总是在匆匆地赶往他们要去的地方, 在商店里他们焦躁不安地指望店员能 马上来为他们服务,或者为了赶快买完东西,用肘来推搡他人。 白天吃饭时人们也都匆匆忙忙, 这部分地反映出这个国家的生活节奏。 人们认为工作时 间是宝贵的。 在公共用餐场所,人们都等着别人尽快吃完,以便他们也能及时用餐, 你还会发现司机开车很鲁莽,人们推搡着在你身边过去。 你会怀念微笑、简短的交谈以及与陌生人的随意闲聊。 不要觉得这是针对你个人的, 这是因为人们都非常珍惜时间,而且也不喜欢他人“浪费”时间到不恰当的地步。 许多刚到美国的人会怀念诸如商务拜访等场合开始时的寒暄。 他们也会怀念那种一边喝茶或喝咖啡一边进行的礼节性交流, 这也许是他们自己国家的 一种习俗。 他们也许还会怀念在饭店或咖啡馆里谈生意时的那种轻松悠闲的交谈。 一般说来,美国人是不会在如此轻松的环境里通过长时间的闲聊来评价他们的客人的, 更不用说会在增进相互间信任的过程中带他们出去吃饭,或带他们去打高尔夫球。 既然我们通常是通过工作而不是社交来评估和了解他人,我们就开门见山地谈正事。 因此,时间老是在我们心中滴滴答答地响着。 因此,我们千方百计地节约时间。 我们发明了一系列节省劳力的装置; 我们通过发传真、打电话或发电子邮件与他人迅速地进行交流,而不是通过直接接触。

虽然面对面接触令人愉快,但却要花更多的时间,尤其是在马路上交通拥挤的时候。 因此,我们把大多数个人拜访安排在下班以后的时间里或周末的社交聚会上。 就我们而言, 电子交流的缺乏人情味与我们手头上事情的重要性之间很少有或完全没有 关系。 在有些国家,如果没有目光接触,就做不成大生意,这需要面对面的交谈。 在美国,最后协议通常也需要本人签字。 然而现在人们越来越多地在电视屏幕上见面, 开远程会议不仅能解决本国的问题, 而且 还能通过卫星解决国际问题。 美国无疑是一个电话王国。 unit 1 Section A: Vocabulary III. 1. charge 2. convention 3. efficient 4. obtain 5. competent 6. asessing 7. fulfill 8. conducting 9. consequently 10. significance IV. 1. behind 2. at 3. in 4.out 5. to 6. to 7.in 8.with 9.but 10. for V. 1. L 2. C 3.D 4. N 5. O 6.A 7. E 8.G 9.I 10. K Word Building VI. 1.commitment 2. attraction 3. appointment 4.impression 5. civilization 6.composition 7.confusion 8.congratulation 9.consideration 10.explanation 11. acquisition 12.depression VII. 1.advisable 2.disirable 3.favorable 4. considerable 5. remarkable 6.preferable 7.drinkable 8.acceptable Sentence Structure VIII. 1.much less can he write English articles 2.much less can he manage a big company 3.much less could he carry it upstairs 4.much less have I spoken to him 5.much less to read a lot outside of it IX. 1.Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eating out at a restaurant is always more expensive. 2.We thought she was rather proud,whereas in fact she was just very shy. 3.We have never done anything for them, whereas they have done so much for us. 4.Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leave immediately. 5.Some praise him highly,whereas others put him down severely. Translation X.

1.She wouldn't take a drink, much less could she stay for dinner. 2.He thought I was lying to him,whereas I was telling the truth. 3.How do you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week? 4.The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy. 5.Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency. 6.We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on. XI. 1.我认为他不会抢劫,更不用说暴力抢劫了. 2.男工平均工资每小时 10 美元,而女工才每小时 7 美元. 3.自然界的平衡一旦遭到破坏,就会带来很多不可预知的影响. 4.期终考试迫在眉睫,你最好多花点时间看书. 5.有趣的是,消费者发现越来越难以辨别某些品牌的原产国.其部分原因来自于全球化带来的 影响,部分原因是由于产地的变化. 6.最近一次调查表明,妇女占总劳动力的 40%. Cloze XII. 1.C 2.B 3.B 4.A 5.D 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.A 10.C 11.D 12.C 13.C 14.B 15.A Section B Comprehension of the Text II. 1.D 2.A 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.B 8.B Vocabulary III. 1.utilize 2.reject 3.considerable 4.temporary 5.acceptable 6.recognition 7.alleviate 8.appreciate 9.furthermore 10.interact IV. 1.interact with 2.gone through 3.deal with 4.recovered with 5.adjusting to 6.familiar to 7.In spite of 8.were tired of 9.prevented from 10.came to unit2 Section A Vocabulary III. 1.promosing 2.amusing 3.lowered 4.persisted 5.rank 6.swear 7.unfair 8.presence 9.frowning 10. approximately IV. 1.on 2.upon 3.on 4.in 5.by 6.to 7.in 8.of 9.on 10.out

V. 1.O 2.K 3.D 4.H 5.J 6.E 7.M 8.G 9.B 10.A Word Building VI. 1.observe - observer:one who observes a person or an event 2.ski - skier: one who skis 3.visit - visitor:one who visits somebody or some place 4.learn - learner:one who learns something 5.report - reporter:one who reports on persons or events for a newspaper 6.drink - drinker:one who often drinks alcohol,esp. too much VII. 1.tropical 2.musical 3.occasional 4.environmental 5.global 6.dangerous 7.natural 8.central Sentence structure VIII. 1.They didn't lose heart despite of lots of frustration. 2.Despite the heavy rain,the boys played football in the yard all afternoon. 3.I will try my best despite the slim chances of success. 4.Despite a thorough search for the escaped prisoner in the mountain,no sign of him was found. 5.Despite their increased income,their life became poorer because of the rising prices. IX. 1.nor do I think it necessary to do so 2.nor would they go to my sister's 3.nor do we have her telephone number 4.nor would I like to go to work immediately

5.nor would I Translation X. 1.Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never babied by her parents. 2.Mike didn't come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation. 3.The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer. 4.He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins to loses. 5.The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence. 6.This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience. XI. 1.尽管那项计划一开始就证明是不切实际的,但是他们还是坚持要实施. 2.我无法说服他接受这项计划,也无法使他认识到这项计划的重要性. 3.你是怎么把那么多东西塞进这个小行李箱的? 4.别人对他怎么看,他全不在意. 5.我能否指出你犯了个小错误. 6.他母亲让他开车慢一点儿,但是他从不把她的话放在心上. Cloze XII. 1.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.A 9.B 10.D 11.B 12.D 13.B 14.C 15.D Section B Reading skills I. 1.D 2.A 3.A 4.C 5.B Comprehension of the Text

II. 1.D 2.B 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.A 8.B Vocabulary III. 1.sake 2.sacrificed 3.crack 4.pursuing 5.explosive 6.overcome 7.indicated 8.opponents 9.stripped 10.denied IV. 1.Natasha made herself stand out in the group interview by acting as the leader in her group. 2.To be successful,you need a careful plan,good luck,help at the right time,and above all,hard work. 3.They are not doing this to gain recognition or money;they are doing this for the sake of society. 4.It was actually what he said rather than what he did that made me sad. 5.Once my mother sets her mind on something,it will be very hard to stop her. 6.Years of research had set the stage for their success in their field. 7.Local people are used to the phenomenon,so they are not surprised at all. 8.Today at this meeting we are going to focus on the question of air pollution. 9.He never expected that his best friend would charge him with cheating in the exam. 10.His parents were so strict with him in his studies that he had little time to participate in any activities outside of class. unit3 section A 我和盖尔计划举行一个不事张扬的婚礼。 在两年的相处中,我们的关系经历了起伏,这是一对情侣在学着相互了解、理解和尊重时常 常出现的。 但在这整整两年间,我们坦诚地面对彼此性格中的弱点和优点。 我们之间的种族及文化差异不但增强了我们的关系, 还教会了我们要彼此宽容、 谅解和开诚 布公。 盖尔有时不明白为何我和其他黑人如此关注种族问题, 而我感到吃惊的是, 她好像忘记了美 国社会中种族仇恨种种微妙的表现形式。

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